Tis the season for sustainability

Fairy lights. The Rat Pack Christmas album.Endless boxes of chocolates. Regressing back to children at our parent’s house. Cosy PJs and Home Alone on the TV.

Christmas means different things to everyone but for most, it’s cosy and familiar and winds up mostly the same year after year.

It can be really challenging to rock the boat and suggest something different so for a lot of us who have been making more of an effort towards sustainability, the holiday season can be a bit nerve wracking.

For most of this list, it’s really helpful to ask yourself “do I buy/do/use this ‘just because’ or is it something that feels integral to this time of year for me?

Get rid of the “just becauses”! It will save you money and cut unnecessary waste.

For the rest, think creatively about how you can adapt them to keep what you like about them but without as much, or any, waste.

This is kind of a long one so grab yourself a mulled wine and a comfy seat!

We often feel under so much pressure this time of year to be at every party, wearing a new party outfit, eating and drinking and often with a pile gifts in tow. It’s can be a time of huge excess and over-consumption.

To help keep the waste, and expense, to a minimum here are some eco swaps and money saving ideas for the holiday season.

Tree

To understand the sustainability of our Christmas trees, this Solancha article suggests asking three important questions:

  • What are the inputs in your Christmas tree?
  • How long will those inputs last? In other words, for how long can you use that Christmas tree?
  • How will you dispose of your Christmas tree eventually?

Bearing this in mind, both real and artificial trees can be very unsustainable. The most eco-friendly thing you can do is create a tree from upcycled materials so if you are the crafty type this is the perfect time for you to get really creative. Check these out for inspiration – https://www.pinterest.co.uk/GreenEcoServices/upcycled-christmas/

Up to 8 million Christmas trees are bought every December in the UK alone. That’s a lot of intensive production, and potentially a lot of waste.Friends of the Earth

In order to mitigate some of the damage done by our carbon emissions, we need to plant more trees basically everywhere. They are also an important habitat for animals we need to protect for biodiversity. Cutting millions down every year just to put them in our living room for a few weeks, and then have them end up in landfill, has to stop.

Artificial trees may last for years but require lots of energy to produce and are just more plastic to dispose of. If you have one already, keep using it and take care of it – make it last as long as possible. If your situation mean artificial is the best option for whatever reason, you can try to buy a second-hand one on Schpock,  eBay  or Gumtree.

But all is not lost! If you, like me, love the smell of a real tree as one of the best things about Christmas then you will love this alternative options!

Tree rental – Get a pot-grown tree, water it and then send it back to be replanted in the tree farm for the following year. Genius!

https://www.londonchristmastreerental.com

Use (or grow) your own – If you gave garden space you can do the same thing at home by using or buying a tree with roots so you can grow it outside and use it again each year.

Tips for looking after them inside here – https://www.rhs.org.uk/advice/profile?pid=374

Presents

One of the most effective strategies for staying in budget when buying Christmas presents is to have a Sinking Fund which you spread out across the year and contribute to every month. When the season approaches, you use the savings to buy presents. 

Low Waste Gift Ideas:

  • Experiences – this is my personal favourite! It’s big bonus if it’s something you can do together because then you are also gifting them some quality time. 😊 Some other ideas are dinner, concert tickets, comedy event, a museum exhibit or a class in something they’ve always wanted to learn. Eventbrite is an excellent resource for events and classes and a whole range of prices as well for every budget.
  • Crafts – make something at home. Cookies, cakes, hot chocolate jar, homemade beauty products – you can decorate and personalise them as well to make them even more special.
  • For the coffee lover who you keep seeing with single use cups – Keep Cup (it’s also great for wine!)
  • S’well Bottle – some people are STILL buying plastic bottles. Gift them a beautiful reusable and they’ll never want to drink out of anything else.
  • Plants – who doesn’t love plants? They look amazing, clean the air and have a calming effect.

*I’m not being paid to recommend any of these, I just genuinely love them but I would absolutely accept payment if they offered!

Wrapping

I cringe when I see people ripping open wrapping paper and bits are strewn all over the floor. There are better options than single use wrapping paper.

Most of us love a bit of festive decoration and fancy wrapping, and who doesn’t like getting Christmas cards? But research suggests that the paper waste over the Christmas period is equivalent to 5-12 million litres of biofuel – enough to power a bus to go to the moon 20 times. – Friends of the Earth

  • Gift bags that get used over and over are the best. Re-use ones you’ve been gifted or invest in some you know can be reused. Avoid writing on the label so it looks as good as new.
  • Get creative – you can use magazine and newpapers to make gift bags or as wrapping paper. 
  • Please don’t buy any wrapping paper with glitter – it’s basically just a load of micro plastics! Besides, it’s impossible to stick anyway. 

Food

Tis the season of overindulgence. And obscene waste. It’s estimated that we waste up to 30% more at this time of year. Please, only buy food you intend to eat. 

  • Leftovers are always the best part.
  • If you have too much – freeze some portions to have later on.
  • Go veggie (or even better, vegan!)
  • Bake your own mince pies
  • Visit your local ‘zero-waste’ store for package-free chocolates and treats

For more on reducing food waste, see my previous post.

Booze

Mulled wine, baileys coffees, hot whiskeys. Mmmmmmm. Festive drinks are one of the best things about the season. Luckily, most alcohol comes in glass bottles so you don’t have to navigate a plastic minefield here!

To find some cheap deals, check out Approved food.

To reduce waste these are my top tips:

  • Try to buy organic
  • Repurpose or upcycle the bottles (Pinterest is your best friend here).
  • Make sure you recycle everything you can (class bottles, cans, recyclable plastic.

Clothes

Around this time of year, you will probably be inundated with emails and seeing ads everywhere for ‘party wear’. Have you ever noticed that it is the same stuff every single year? Sparkly and jewel colours, Every. Single. Year. 

Avoid falling into the trap of buying yet another dress basically the same as the ones you’ve bought every year. Here are some tactics you can try instead:

  • Buy from a charity shop.
  • Swap with a friend.
  • If you love the ones you have in your wardrobe – wear those!
  • Add some festive accessories to a basic black dress. 

Fast Fashion isn’t free, someone somewhere is paying the price – Lucy Siegle

The fashion industry is the second biggest producer of carbon emissions after fossel fuels! Avoid adding to the madness this Christmas.

Cards

According to research 1.5 BILLION Christmas cards are thrown away in the UK each year.

Save trees, and money by forgoing this tradition. Send an e card in stead or better yet, video call and wish them a Merry Christmas face to face!

A zer-waste, or even low-waste, Christmas will be hard! Christmas is a time to spend with family and not everyone is on the same wavelength as you so compromise is important and enjoying each others’ company is the priority. Do what you can to reduce your own waste, be patient with curious (or even judgemental!) enquiries and maybe next year you’ll see some of your loved ones taking a leaf out of your book!

We need to talk about food waste

Roughly one-third of the food we produce annually is never eaten.

Just let that sink in for a second.

As a society, we have become so disconnected from our food system that we have forgotten all of the resources that went into making it, at every stage, and getting it onto our plates that we have just stopped valuing it.

We use land and water to produce crops. They are transported to factories where they are processed. Then transported from there to be packaged. Finally, packaged items are transported to store. And then we end up throwing a third of it away. 

When you consider that between April 2018 and March 2019 a record 1.6m food bank parcels given to people in the UK (Trussell Trust), it’s obscene. 

Some more facts to shock and disgust you (if I have to be depressed about the state of the world, I’m taking you down with me!):

  • If wasted food were a country, it would be the third-largest producer of carbon dioxide.
  • Food waste generates about 3.3 BILLION tons of carbon dioxide.
  • The annual value of food wasted globally is $1 trillion, and it weighs 1.3 billion tonnes.
  • 25% of the world’s fresh water supply is used to grow food that is never eaten.
  • All the world’s nearly one billion hungry people could be fed on less than a quarter of the food that is wasted in the US, UK and Europe.
  • An area larger than China is used to grow food that is never eaten.
  • The average UK family is wasting nearly £60 a month by throwing away almost a whole meal a day – that’s £720 a year!

So where does it all go? 

Well, most of it just ends up in our regular bins and then in landfill. 

What happens to food waste in landfill? 

“Food waste is mostly organic material, composed of carbon, hydrogen, oxygen and nitrogen along with small amounts of some other elements. In a landfill, this organic material is buried and when this happens, microorganisms begin to break it down in a process known as ‘anaerobic digestion’. This is digestion in the absence of oxygen. The microorganisms derive energy from this to support their life cycle however as a by-product of this process, greenhouse gases (methane, carbon dioxide) are produced. If these gases are not captured they are released into the atmosphere. (https://disruptiveenvironmentalist.com/what-happens-to-food-waste-in-landfills-the-full-environmental-impact/)

The gas produced is 21 times worse than carbon dioxide!

It’s well and truly time to stop this madness so……what can you do?

The good news is that now you are aware of this problem, there are actually lots of things that you can do to reduce food waste.

My Top Tips

  1. Eat at home more – the restaurant business is a MASSIVE generator of wasted food. When you do eat out, only order what you can eat. If the portion is too big, take your leftovers home (and eat them!). 
  2. Grow your own food – this is not an option for everyone as it requires some space and time but if you do have a garden, home grown veggies taste incredible and work out so much cheaper than store bought. After seeing the effort that goes into producing just a handful of tomatoes or strawberries, you will have a newfound respect for food! Even if you don’t have a lot of space for vegetables, pretty much anyone can pot some herbs in your garden/balcony/kitchen so you have lovely fresh herbs to hand and you don’t need to go to the supermarket. Start with your favourite one and see how you get on.
  3. Store your food properly – a big part of why we throw food away is because we don’t store it properly and it spoils before it’s time. My favourite place for storage tips and kitchen “hacks” is Pinterest. There are so many amazing ideas there.
  4. Avoid a “big shop” if you tend to have a very busy schedule – did you know that bagged salad is one of the most thrown out items in British households? When I first heard that I wasn’t surprised at all and have thrown away many a sad bag of soggy leaves. I never know if I will have to work late, transport will be a disaster or last minute drinks with colleagues will come up so I only buy what I am going to cook in the next day or two to avoid forgetting what’s there and having to throw it out. 
  5. Use your freezer – If your fruit or vegetables are on the verge of going off, freeze them. Kale and spinach are great to have on hand for smoothies or curries for some extra nutrients. Frozen bananas make delicious vegan “nice cream“.
  6. “Rescue” food before it’s thrown away: there are lots of innovative programmes popping up in an attempt to collect and redistribute food that might otherwise go to waste.
    1. Olio – OLIO connects neighbours with each other and with local businesses so surplus food can be shared, not thrown away. This could be food nearing its sell-by date in local stores, spare home-grown vegetables, bread from your baker, or the groceries in your fridge when you go away. For your convenience, OLIO can also be used for non-food household items too.
    2. Karma – Karma is a Swedish startup founded in Stockholm, November 2016. The app connects surplus food from restaurants, cafes and grocery stores to consumers for a lower price. As a result, users eat great food for less and businesses receive an additional revenue stream — all while reducing food waste.
    3. Approved food – specialise in surplus and short-dated stock, food that is either near or just passed its ‘best before’ date – allowing us to pass on huge savings to our customers.
    4. Oddbox – “20-40% of produce in the UK is wasted before it even leaves the farms meaning a lot of unnecessary waste for the planet, a raw-deal for producers and a whole wonky world of missed opportunities for people like us to eat. Determined to battle food waste and give ugly, wonky veg a better, more beautiful future, they visited farms, talked to producers and came up with the idea for Oddbox. “
  7. Reduce your waste by using everything up: Read “More Plants, Less Waste” by Max La Manna for tips on using up everything amazing recipes and ideas for using up everything so there is less to throw away/compost in the first place
  8. Compost – Not every borough in London has a composting programme (10 boroughs don’t collect, 16 don’t collect from flats). If you don’t have composting in your area this is what you can do email your MP and the local council and request it. The more people who ask, the more pressure they will be under to provide it. Council tax is ridiculously high and this is exactly the kind of issue that councils were set up to tackly. To find out how to compost at home follow Amelia Barnes (@ameliakbarnes) on Instagram who has tons of information in her story highlights and on her website.
  9. Clean your recycling – Wash your plastic, cans etc before throwing them in the recycling bin to ensure no rotting food waste is left and causing gas to release as it decomposes.

Read: More Plants, Less Waste by Max Lamanna

Follow: @maxlamanna, @ameliakbarnes, @zerowastecook

Low waste (and low cost) skin-care swaps

In my quest to create less waste and spend less money, I’ve actually discovered several skin care swaps that have my skin feeling better than ever.

Ice roller -> lavendar infused ice cube

Ice rollers or jade rollers have been popping up on social media a lot of late with beauty bloggers swearing by them. The supposed benefits include

•reducing puffiness

•increasing bloodflow

•reducing appearance of pores

I have no idea if any of that is based on fact but I kinda loved the idea of rolling something cold all over my face! 🤣

A “sustainability influencer” suggested making your own by adding a drop of essential oil into ice cubes so I tried it and loved it. I use it every morning now. It helps me wake up and I feel like it reduces any puffiness. Also, smells amaaaazing. Cheap and easy to do but it feels like a luxury!

Oil-based cleanser -> Almond oil

Every night, I remove my makeup up (which is typically just tinted moisturiser and mascara these days) with Sweet Almond Oil and a hot face cloth. Just work the oil into your skin for a minute or two and then remove with a face cloth (mine are bamboo)you’ve run under the hot water tap. It’s dreamy!

After that, I wash with a facial cleansing bar to make sure my face is properly clean.

Then, cos I’m fancy AF, I spritz my face with some Rosewater.

Serum -> homemade oil blend

Instead of a super expensive serum, I made my own blend of Sweet Almond Oil and Argan Oil (50/50) with a couple of drops of frankincense. I read that frankincense has anti-aging properties and I have no idea whether or not that is total bullshit but it smells good and I cross my fingers!

Homemade scrub

Once a week, I exfoliate with a homemade honey and brown sugar scrub.

It’s so cheap and easy to make and if I accidentally get any in mouth, it tastes fab!

Homemade body butter

For years, I just used Palmers Cocoa butter and it was the only thing that I felt worked. I have pretty dry skin especially here in London where the water is really hard (I actually really miss the humidity of Taiwan!).

That was until I tested out this recipe that I came across on Instagram over the Christmas holidays.

You take equal parts;

• Shea butter

•Cocoa butter

•Coconut oil

Put them in a glass bowl and place over a saucepan of water. Boil the water and wait for your mixture to melt. Once it’s melted, let it cool for a few mins and then pop it in the freezer to solidify it a little. When it’s started to solidify around the edges, take it out and use a whisk to whip it up. When you have a nice fluffy consistency transfer it to a jar. I use a salsa jar because I eat chips and salsa at an alarming rate and always have a ton lying around my kitchen! You can also add a couple of drops of essentail oil if you want to make it scented.

Tranistioning from “normal” moisturiser to oil did cause some breakouts for a couple of weeks but I’ve now followed this regime since last summer and my skin is happier than it has been in years!

Let me know if you try any of these and how you get on with them.

Breaking Up With Fast Fashion

 

What’s in your wardrobe?

It’s time to break up with fast fashion and here are some of the top reasons why:

  • 10% of global carbon emissions come from the fashion industry, which is more than shipping and aviation combined!!
  • 77% of UK retailers believe there is a likelihood of modern slavery in their supply chain

First, take stock.

The thing is – you probably don’t need any new clothes. You likely have lots of beautiful items in your wardrobe you have forgotten about so, have a look in your wardrobe and fall back in love with what you already have. 

If you are feeling overwhelmed by the number of clothes you have, spring is the perfect time to cull your wardrobe!

Get everything out and pile it all in one place, Marie Kondo style, and sort it into categories:

  1. Keep – pretty self-explanatory! These are the clothes you love to wear often.
  2. Repair – many items in your wardrobe can be revived by fixing a zipper, letting a seam out or having the hem taken up. About once a year, I go through my wardrobe and see if there is anything that needs repairing.
  3. Sell – make some extra money by selling things with tags that you are never going to wear or some of your more high-end items that will get a good resale price on eBay, Schpock or Depop.
  4. Donate – for clothes that are in great condition, consider donating them to a charity shop where they can be resold. For things like winter coats and warm clothes, you might want to donate those to your local homeless centre. For torn or unwearable clothes, you may be able to donate them to animal shelters where they can be used as bedding for the animals. When in doubt, give the charity a call to see what they can accept.
  5. Recycle – for anything you can’t donate, find a local organisation that can properly recycle them like Terracycle.

Find a uniform……and then add your personal style

A lot of highly successful people have a ‘uniform’ that they wear every day. Mark Zuckerberg wears a grey t-shirt and jeans. Steve Jobs always wore black turtleneck and jeans. Arianna Huffington is a huge advocate for work uniforms and ‘repeating’ outfits.

If you find deciding what to wear in the morning causes you stress or you just can’t be bothered with the extra steps, a work uniform is a great option. (And if you’re lazy like me, you might also have a non-work uniform!). There is a lot to say for creating a capsule wardrobe of good quality basics that last a long time and fit well. For more on creating a capsule wardrobe, check out Project 333.

Simple, basic and capsule might sound kinda boring but they really don’t have to be. You can make any outfit more interesting with your choice of accessory(ies). Lipstick, jewellery, sunglasses, glasses, hair accessories, nail polish.

Slow fashion

Last year, I started seriously thinking about the impact our fashion habits have on our mental health, our finances and the planet. After watching The True Cost on Netflix, I couldn’t be willfully ignorant any more and I knew that I needed much more sustainable habits, both for my bank balance and for the environment. And as a proud (loud!) feminist, I also knew that the primarily female garment industry was exploiting women in low-income countries.

1 in 6 of the world’s workers are employed in the fashion industry and around 80% of those workers are female.

In January 2019, I finally made the choice not to buy any more fast fashion. So what are the alternatives?

  1. Repair what you have – there is a growing “mending” movement online and you can find amazing tutorials and inspiration.
  2. Swap with and borrow from your friends 
  3. Buy second hand – there are so many secondhand clothing resources in the UK.
  • Charity Shops – you’ll find these on any high street and some bigger organisations, like Amnesty International and Oxfam onlines stores as well.
  • Vintage – there are a lot of incredible and affordable vintage stores like, Rokit .
  • Peer-to peer – buy and sell pre-loved items on apps like Depop, eBay and Schpock
  • Secondhand designer – Vestiarie Collective is my newest obsession – full of beautiful pre-loved designer clothes.

4. Sustainable brands

When buying new clothes, have a list of questions you ask yourself:

  • Is this an ethical brand?
    • I use an app, Good On You, which rates brands on their Labour, Environmental and Animal policies.
  • Is this item going to last a long time?
  • What fabric is this item made from and can it be recycled?
  • If you feel the impulse to buy something, wait 30 days to see if you still want it. Instagram makes EVERYTHING look good and half the time, you will totally forget.

Be aware of “greenwashing”

Companies are aware of the emerging demand for more environmentally friendly and ethically sourced goods. Many will throw in terms like ‘sustainable’, ‘ethical’ and ‘vegan’ into their marketing without any transparency. These terms have no legal definition and absolutely no accountability. I’ve found Good on You to be a great resource for sorting through the bullshit.

Read: Project 333 EcoAge , Mending Matters

Download: Good On You app, Depop app

Follow: @fash_rev @venetiafalconer @ajabarber 

Watch: The Patriot Act with Hasan Minhaj – The Ugly Truth of Fast Fashion, The True Cost